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Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2010 Jan-Mar;23(1):235-46.

Lipid metabolism impairment in human gliomas: expression of peroxisomal proteins in human gliomas at different grades of malignancy.

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Department of Basic and Applied Biology, University of LAquila, Italy.


Gliomas are histologically graded by cellularity, cytological atypia, necrosis, mitotic figures, and vascular proliferation, features associated with biologically aggressive behaviour. However, abundant evidence suggests the presence of unrecognized, clinically relevant subclasses of the diffuse gliomas, both in respect to their underlying molecular phenotype and their clinical response to therapy. It is well-known that patient prognosis and therapeutic decisions rely on accurate pathological grading. Recently, it was reported that human gliomas accumulate lipid droplets during progression, suggesting a lipid metabolism impairment. Considering the crucial role of peroxisomes in lipid metabolism, in the present work we studied the expression profiles of proteins either exclusively localized to peroxisomes, such as peroxin14 (PEX14), peroxisomal membrane protein 70Kda (PMP70), acyl-CoA oxidase, thiolase, or partially associated to peroxisomes such as Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCoA-red) and peroxisomal-related proteins, namely PPARalpha, in human glioma specimens at different grades of malignancy. Moreover, Nile red staining of lipid droplets, thin layer chromatography (TLC) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) were carried out in order to correlate the biochemical results with the lipid content of tumor tissues. The results obtained indicate that correlating the malignancy grade with the expression of peroxisomal genes and proteins, may constitute a sensitive tool to highlight possible subtypes not recognized by the classical histological techniques.

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