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Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2010 Sep;44(4):212-6. doi: 10.3109/00365591003733708.

Visual pain score during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy using no anaesthesia or three different types of local anaesthetic application.

Author information

1
2nd Department of Urology, Istanbul Goztepe Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. gurbuzcenk@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the pain score during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy using three different anaesthetic applications and no anaesthesia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

One-hundred men undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy were prospectively enrolled in this study. Patients were randomized to four groups. Group 1 (n = 25) received no anaesthesia, group 2 (n = 25) was administered a perianal lidocaine injection, group 3 (n = 25) was administered a periprostatic lidocaine injection, and group 4 (n = 25) was administered a combination of perianal-intrarectal lidocaine-prilocaine cream. The anaesthetic application was given 5 min before the procedure. All patients were asked to indicate the level of pain experienced on a visual analogue scale (VAS) during three situations, including when the TRUS probe was inserted and 15 min and 2 weeks after biopsy.

RESULTS:

Mean pain scores were similar in all groups at the time of probe insertion. Mean pain scores showed statistically significant differences between group 1 and the other groups, except for group 4, 15 min after the procedure. Group 3 showed better pain control 15 min after biopsy and this difference was statistically significant (p < 0.043).The VAS scores were similar 2 weeks after the procedure in all groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Anaesthetic application before TRUS-guided prostate biopsy may be advocated. The application of periprostatic lidocaine seems to be the most advantageous method for lowering the perception of pain.

PMID:
20377490
DOI:
10.3109/00365591003733708
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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