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J Chem Thermodyn. 2008 Mar 1;40(3):460-466.

The effect of halogen hetero-atoms on the vapor pressures and thermodynamics of polycyclic aromatic compounds measured via the Knudsen effusion technique.

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  • 1Division of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912.


Knowledge of vapor pressures of high molar mass organics is essential to predicting their behavior in combustion systems as well as their fate and transport within the environment. This study involved polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) containing halogen hetero-atoms, including bromine and chlorine. The vapor pressures of eight PACs, ranging in molar mass from (212-336) g.mol(-1), were measured using the isothermal Knudsen Effusion technique over the temperature range of (296-408) K. These compounds included those with few or no data available in the literature, namely: 1,4-dibromonaphthalene; 5-bromoacenaphthene; 9-bromoanthracene; 1,5-dibromoanthracene; 9,10-dibromoanthracene; 2-chloroanthracene; 9,10-dichloroanthracene and 1-bromopyrene. Enthalpies of sublimation of these compounds were determined via application of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. An analysis is presented on the effects of the addition of halogen hetero-atoms to pure polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using these data as well as available literature data. As expected, the addition of halogens onto these PACs increases their enthalpies of sublimation and decreases their vapor pressures as compared to the parent compounds.

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