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FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2010 Nov;34(6):925-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2010.00217.x.

How Saccharomyces cerevisiae copes with toxic metals and metalloids.

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Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland.


Toxic metals and metalloids are widespread in nature and can locally reach fairly high concentrations. To ensure cellular protection and survival in such environments, all organisms possess systems to evade toxicity and acquire tolerance. This review provides an overview of the molecular mechanisms that contribute to metal toxicity, detoxification and tolerance acquisition in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We mainly focus on the metals/metalloids arsenic, cadmium, antimony, mercury, chromium and selenium, and emphasize recent findings on sensing and signalling mechanisms and on the regulation of tolerance and detoxification systems that safeguard cellular and genetic integrity.

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