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Indian J Gastroenterol. 2010 Jan;29(1):26-30. doi: 10.1007/s12664-010-0005-4. Epub 2010 Apr 6.

Selective histopathology in cholecystectomy for gallstone disease.

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1
Department of Surgery Unit 5, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632 004, India. rohinmittal@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Incidental gallbladder cancer is found in upto 1% of cholecystectomy specimens for gallstone disease. Currently, in our institution, all gallbladder specimens are sent for routine histopathology, to rule out incidental gallbladder carcinoma. This study was aimed at assessing the need for routine histopathology of gallbladder specimens after cholecystectomy for gallstone disease.

METHODS:

Hospital records of all patients undergoing cholecystectomy for gallstone disease over a ten-year period, between 1998 and 2007, in a single surgical unit were reviewed.

RESULTS:

A total of 1312 patients underwent cholecystectomy for gallstone disease. Gallbladder carcinoma was detected in 13 patients. Macroscopic abnormalities of the gallbladder were found in all the 13 patients. In patients with a macroscopically normal gallbladder, there were no cases of gallbladder carcinoma.

CONCLUSION:

Gallbladder carcinoma is associated with macroscopic abnormalities in all cases. Therefore histopathology should be restricted to only those specimens which reveal a macroscopic abnormality. This would identify all cases of incidental gallbladder carcinoma, at the same time decreasing cost and pathological work load.

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PMID:
20373083
DOI:
10.1007/s12664-010-0005-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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