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Clin Cancer Res. 2010 Apr 15;16(8):2391-401. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-2471. Epub 2010 Apr 6.

ERBB2 and TOP2A in breast cancer: a comprehensive analysis of gene amplification, RNA levels, and protein expression and their influence on prognosis and prediction.

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Division of Molecular Genome Analysis, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.



The prognostic and predictive relevance of epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2) and topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) have long been a matter of debate. However, the correlation of DNA amplification, RNA levels, and protein expression and their prognostic role and association with anthracycline responses in node-negative breast cancer have not yet been evaluated.


We first analyzed TOP2A and ERBB2 at the levels of gene amplification, and RNA and protein expression, and studied their correlations. Additionally, TOP2A and ERBB2 were analyzed in 782 node-negative breast carcinomas in patients who did not receive systemic therapy and in 80 patients treated with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (EC) prior to surgery.


TOP2A gene amplification did not correlate with protein expression (P = 0.283) and showed an association with gene expression with only borderline significance (P = 0.047). By contrast, TOP2A RNA levels correlated with protein expression (P < 0.001). TOP2A gene expression was significantly associated with the metastasis-free interval (MFI; P < 0.001) and was associated with complete remission in patients treated with EC (P = 0.002). In contrast to TOP2A, ERBB2 gene amplification correlated with RNA level (P < 0.001) and protein expression (P < 0.001). ERBB2 gene expression was associated with the MFI only in estrogen receptor-positive carcinomas, whereas ERBB2 protein expression (P = 0.032) was associated with MFI in the entire cohort.


Overall, our study indicates that the TOP2A RNA level is a good prognostic marker and is also associated with a favorable response to anthracyclin-based therapy. By contrast, ESR1 was associated with poorer responses to anthracyclin-based therapy, whereas the association with ERBB2 RNA was not significant.

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