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Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Jan;82(1):117-22. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.03.005. Epub 2010 Apr 3.

The development of a motivational interviewing intervention to promote medication adherence among inner-city, African-American adolescents with asthma.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. krieker1@jhmi.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to develop and assess the feasibility of a motivational interviewing (MI) based asthma self-management program for inner-city, African-American, adolescents with asthma.

METHODS:

37 African-American adolescents (age 10-15 years) recently seen in an inner-city emergency department for asthma and prescribed an asthma controller medication participated in the newly developed program consisting of 5 home visits. Adolescents and their caregivers completed phone-based surveys before and after the intervention.

RESULTS:

95% of the adolescents completed all 5 sessions; 89% of caregivers and 76% of adolescents believed other families would benefit from the intervention. Caregivers were more likely to report 100% adherence post-intervention compared to pre-intervention and reported a trend for adolescents taking greater responsibility for their asthma. There were no pre-post-differences in adolescent-reported medication adherence, but adolescents did reported increased motivation and readiness to adhere to treatment. Caregivers and adolescents each reported statistically significant increases in their asthma quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS:

the findings from this pilot study suggest that MI is a feasible and promising approach for increasing medication adherence among inner-city adolescents with asthma and is worthy of further evaluation in a randomized trial.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

incorporating MI into disease management programs may enhance their effectiveness.

PMID:
20371158
PMCID:
PMC2937081
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2010.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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