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Pharm Res. 2010 Jul;27(7):1296-308. doi: 10.1007/s11095-010-0108-8. Epub 2010 Apr 6.

Effects of single and multiple flavonoids on BCRP-mediated accumulation, cytotoxicity and transport of mitoxantrone in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, 517 Hochstetter Hall, Amherst, New York 14260-1200, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The objective of our study was to investigate the effect of single and multiple flavonoids on the accumulation and cytotoxicity of mitoxantrone in BCRP-overexpressing breast cancer cells and on the transport of mitoxantrone in BCRP-expressing normal cells.

METHODS:

The effect of flavonoids on mitoxantrone accumulation and cytotoxicity was studied in the human breast cancer MCF-7 MX100 cell line. Mitoxantrone transport in the presence of flavonoids was studied in human and murine BCRP-transfected MDCK cell lines, and mitoxantrone concentrations were determined by HPLC.

RESULTS:

Our results demonstrated that multiple flavonoid combinations act additively and exhibit strong BCRP inhibition for increasing mitoxantrone accumulation in breast cancer cells. Kaempferide, biochanin A, 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, and 8-methylflavone greatly increased the cytotoxicity of mitoxantrone in BCRP-overexpressing breast cancer cells. Additionally, the basolateral-to-apical membrane-directed transport of mitoxantrone in murine Bcrp1- and human BCRP-expressing MDCK cells, in the presence of 2.5 microM of these flavonoids, was also significantly decreased.

CONCLUSION:

The results indicate that flavonoids are potent BCRP inhibitors and that they exert additive effects when used in combination. Flavonoids demonstrate MDR-reversing effects, but also may influence the disposition of mitoxantrone and cause pharmacokinetic interactions.

PMID:
20369276
DOI:
10.1007/s11095-010-0108-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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