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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Feb 19;104(7):073901. Epub 2010 Feb 16.

All-regions tunable high harmonic enhancement by a periodic static electric field.

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  • 1ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain.


Simulations show that a static electric field periodically distributed in space can be used to control the production of coherent light by high-order harmonic generation in a wide spectral range covering extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray radiation. The radiation yield is selectively enhanced due to symmetry breaking induced by a static electric field on the interaction between the driving laser and the medium. The spectral position of the enhancement is tuned by varying the periodicity of the static electric field which matches twice the coherence length of the harmonics in the desired region. We find that the static electric field strength inducing enhancement decreases for shorter wavelengths and predict an increase of more than two orders of magnitude for harmonics in the water window spectral range with a static electric field as weak as 1.12 MV/cm.

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