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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Jan 29;104(4):046803. Epub 2010 Jan 29.

Surface-enhanced nonlinear four-wave mixing.

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ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Feb 5;104(5):059903.


We report on a particularly strong third-order nonlinear response from nanostructured gold surfaces. Two incident laser beams with frequencies omega{1} and omega{2} give rise to four-wave mixing (4WM) fields with frequencies 2omega{1}-omega{2} and 2omega{2}-omega{1}. We demonstrate that the nonlinear response can be purely evanescent and that nanostructured surfaces convert the evanescent energy into propagating radiation, thereby increasing the efficiency of frequency conversion. The emitted 4WM radiation is found to be directional, polarized, coherent, and both frequency and angle tunable. The ability to perform efficient frequency conversion in reduced dimensions provides new opportunities for nanophotonics and active plasmonics.

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