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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Jan 15;104(2):020505. Epub 2010 Jan 15.

Measurement of the spiral spectrum of entangled two-photon states.

Author information

1
Leiden University, Huygens Laboratory, P.O. Box 9504, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands. pires@molphys.leidenuniv.nl

Abstract

We implement an interferometric method to measure the orbital angular momentum (OAM) spectrum of photon pairs generated by spontaneous parametric down-conversion. In contrast with previous experiments, which were all limited by the modal capacity of the detection system, our method operates on the entire down-conversion cone and reveals the complete distribution of the generated OAM. In this geometry, new features can be studied. We show that the phase-matching conditions can be used as a tool to enhance the azimuthal Schmidt number and to flatten the spectral profile, allowing the efficient production of high-quality multidimensional entangled states.

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