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Ophthalmology. 2010 Aug;117(8):1506-11. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2009.12.013. Epub 2010 Apr 3.

Long-term changes in posterior chamber phakic intraocular collamer lens vaulting in myopic patients.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.



Evaluation of central and midperipheral vaulting of the posterior chamber phakic intraocular Collamer lens (ICL; Staar Surgical Inc., Monrovia, CA) in eyes with moderate to high myopia.


Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.


Eighty-four eyes treated with the latest ICL (V4 model) and 27 eyes treated with early ICL models were examined.


After standardized ICL implantation, patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examinations before surgery and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and at yearly intervals thereafter. Central vaulting was measured using the Jaeger device (Haag-Streit, Bern, Switzerland). From 2006 onward, vaulting was measured additionally by optical coherence tomography (Visante OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Using the Visante OCT, the crystalline lens rise and the midperipheral vaulting of the ICL were assessed.


Central vaulting after ICL implantation.


The mean duration of follow-up was 74.1+/-23.1 months and 96.3+/-50.2 months in eyes treated with V4 and early models, respectively. Postoperative central vaulting was 466+/-218 microm (range, 30-900 microm) in eyes treated with the V4 models and 321+/-200 microm (range, 150-900 microm) in those treated with early ICL models. From the 6-month follow-up onward, a continuous and nearly linear reduction of central vaulting was observed. At the 10-year follow-up, the mean central vaulting was reduced to 184+/-159 microm (range, 6-500 microm) and 138+/-218 microm (range, 0-820 microm) in eyes treated with V4 or early models, respectively. Eyes with total vaulting had a mean central vaulting of 407+/-202 microm (range, 180-730 microm), whereas those with midperipheral contact had a significantly lower central vaulting of 105+/-87 microm (range, 0-200 microm).


This study revealed consistent reduction of central vaulting over a 10-year period and provides further evidence that insufficient vaulting of the ICL is responsible for the development of anterior subcapsular cataract. A minimum central vaulting of 230 microm seems to be necessary to ensure total vaulting of the ICL. If an ICL is chosen for the correction of myopia, targeting for the greatest possible postoperative central vaulting is advised to achieve safe and complete vaulting for several years.

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