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Neuropharmacology. 2010 Jul-Aug;59(1-2):58-69. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2010.03.016. Epub 2010 Apr 2.

Mechanisms of inhibition of CaV3.1 T-type calcium current by aliphatic alcohols.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia Health System, School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0710, USA.

Abstract

Many aliphatic alcohols modulate activity of various ion channels involved in sensory processing and also exhibit anesthetic capacity in vivo. Although the interaction of one such compound, 1-octanol (octanol) with different T-type calcium channels (T-channels) has been described, the mechanisms of current modulation and its functional significance are not well studied. Using patch-clamp technique, we investigated the mechanisms of inhibition of T-currents by a series of aliphatic alcohols in recombinant human Ca(V)3.1 (alpha1G) T-channel isoform expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells and thalamocortical (TC) relay neurons in brain slices of young rats. Octanol, 1-heptanol (heptanol) and 1-hexanol (hexanol) inhibited the recombinant Ca(V)3.1 currents in concentration-dependent manner yielding IC(50) values of 362 microM, 1063 microM and 3167 microM, respectively. Octanol similarly inhibited native thalamic Ca(V)3.1 T-currents with an IC(50) of 287 microM and diminished burst firing without significant effect on passive membrane properties of these neurons. Inhibitory effect of octanol on T-currents in both native and recombinant cells was accompanied with accelerated macroscopic inactivation kinetics and hyperpolarizing shift in the steady-state inactivation curve. Additionally, octanol induced a depolarizing shift in steady-state activation curves of T-current in TC neurons. Surprisingly, the recovery from fast inactivation at hyperpolarized membrane potentials was accelerated by octanol up 3-fold in native but not recombinant channels. Given the importance of thalamocortical pathways in providing sleep, arousal, and anesthetic states, modulation of thalamic T-currents may at least contribute to the pharmacological effects of aliphatic alcohols.

PMID:
20363234
PMCID:
PMC2879975
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuropharm.2010.03.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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