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Auton Neurosci. 2010 Oct 28;157(1-2):31-7. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2010.03.007. Epub 2010 Apr 3.

Gastrointestinal motility disorders and acupuncture.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Abstract

During the last decades, numerous studies have been performed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of acupuncture or electroacupuncture (EA) on gastrointestinal motility and patients with functional gastrointestinal diseases. A PubMed search was performed on this topic and all available studies published in English have been reviewed and evaluated. This review is organized based on the gastrointestinal organ (from the esophagus to the colon), components of gastrointestinal motility and the functional diseases related to specific motility disorders. It was found that the effects of acupuncture or EA on gastrointestinal motility were fairly consistent and the major acupuncture points used in these studies were ST36 and PC6. Gastric motility has been mostly studied, whereas much less information is available on the effect of EA on small and large intestinal motility or related disorders. A number of clinical studies have been published, investigating the therapeutic effects of EA on a number of functional gastrointestinal diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux, functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome. However, the findings of these clinical studies were inconclusive. In summary, acupuncture or EA is able to alter gastrointestinal motility functions and improve gastrointestinal motility disorders. However, more studies are needed to establish the therapeutic roles of EA in treating functional gastrointestinal diseases.

PMID:
20363196
PMCID:
PMC2906692
DOI:
10.1016/j.autneu.2010.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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