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Nurs Outlook. 2010 Mar-Apr;58(2):104-10. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2009.10.004.

Challenges in tailored intervention research.

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Department of Geriatrics, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.


Although individuals and nurses value tailored health interventions, incorporating tailored interventions into research is fraught with pitfalls. This manuscript provides guidance on addressing challenges on developing, implementing, and evaluating tailored interventions (TIs). The initial step in designing TIs involves selecting the individual characteristics on which to tailor the intervention. After selecting critical characteristics for tailoring, researchers must decide how to assess these characteristics. Then researchers can use manuals, algorithms, or computer programs to tailor an intervention and maintain treatment fidelity. If desired outcomes are not achieved, focus groups or individual interviews may be conducted to gather information to improve the intervention for specific individuals/groups. Then, incorporating study arms of TIs in intervention studies, investigators may compare TIs with standardized interventions statistically and clinically. We believe TIs may have better outcomes, promote better adherence, and be more cost efficient.

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