Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Heart Fail. 2010 May;12(5):492-8. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfq037. Epub 2010 Apr 1.

Plasma tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1): an independent predictor of poor response to cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Author information

1
Cardiology Department, Arrhythmia Section, Institut Clínic del Torax (ICT), Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

AIMS:

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) play a role in left ventricular structural remodelling. The aim of our study was to analyse MMP-2 and TIMP-1 levels as predictors of poor response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A cohort of 42 CRT patients from our centre was prospectively evaluated at baseline and after 12-month follow-up. MMP-2 and TIMP-1 assays were performed prior to CRT implant. Cardiac resynchronization therapy responders were defined as patients who survived, were not transplanted, and increased their basal 6 min walking distance test (6MWDT) by >or=10% or improved their NYHA functional class. Overall, 25 patients (60%) were classed as responders. At 12-month follow-up, six patients (14.2%) had died and one (2.4%) patient had been transplanted. Compared with responders, non-responders had higher levels of TIMP-1 (277 +/- 59 vs. 216 +/- 46 ng/mL, P = 0.001), MMP-2 (325 +/- 115 vs. 258 +/- 56 ng/mL, P = 0.02), and creatinine (1.76 +/- 0.8 vs. 1.25 +/- 0.3 mg/dL, P = 0.01). In a multivariate analysis, TIMP-1 was the only independent predictor of non-response to CRT [OR 0.97, 95% (CI 0.96-0.99) P = 0.005]. TIMP-1>or=248 ng/mL predicted non-response with 71% sensitivity and 72% specificity.

CONCLUSION:

TIMP-1 is an independent predictor of non-response in patients treated with CRT.

PMID:
20360066
PMCID:
PMC2857989
DOI:
10.1093/eurjhf/hfq037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center