Format

Send to

Choose Destination
East Afr Med J. 2009 Jun;86(6):254-8.

Presentation and management of maxillofacial trauma in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the presentation and management of maxillofacial trauma.

DESIGN:

A retrospective study.

SETTING:

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

SUBJECTS:

Patients presenting with maxillofacial trauma at the oral and maxillofacial surgery department of the MNH over a six year period (2001-2007).

METHOD:

Information was gathered including age, gender, length of interval between injury and presentation to the hospital, aetiology, pattern of soft tissue injury and fractures, therapy, co-morbidity, complications and number of hospitalisation days.

RESULTS:

The 21-30-year old age group was most affected. The overall male to female ratio was 4.3:1. The major cause of maxillofacial trauma was road traffic accidents (42.3%), followed by assaults (39.1%). Over 90% of the patients sustained soft tissue injuries, with cut wounds seen most frequently (45.0%). Of the soft tissue injuries, 75% required surgical intervention. Most of the fractures were located in the mandible (52.8%). Accompanying injuries elsewhere in the body occurred in 51.5%. Complications occurred in 13.3% of the cases. The mean hospitalisation period was 4.3 days.

CONCLUSION:

Road traffic accidents and assaults were the most common causes of maxillofacial trauma. Males below forty years of age were the majority of the victims.

PMID:
20358786
DOI:
10.4314/eamj.v86i6.64455
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center