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Mil Med. 2010 Mar;175(3):185-7.

Evaluation of time required for water-only decontamination of an oil-based agent.

Author information

1
Madigan Army Medical Center, ATTN MCHJ-EM, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to evaluate the time to decontaminate an area of skin exposed to an oil-based agent using a water-only decontamination protocol.

METHODS:

A fluorescent mock chemical/biological agent was created. Each of 20 subjects had his/her forearm sprayed with the agent. Each subject placed his/her arm under a decontamination shower, which provided water at a pressure of 60-70 psi and 35 degrees C. After 30 sec a black light was used by three evaluators to determine whether the agent was removed. The process of 30 sec decontamination and re-evaluation was repeated for a total of 5 min. The primary endpoint was proportion decontaminated over time.

RESULTS:

After 90 sec, 100% of subjects were decontaminated.

CONCLUSION:

Whereas the data suggest the possibility of rapid water-only decontamination, the applicability of this data in current form is doubtful, but provides a model as a basis for future study.

PMID:
20358708
DOI:
10.7205/milmed-d-09-00012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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