Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Behav Med. 2010 Jun;39(3):211-21. doi: 10.1007/s12160-010-9182-8.

Anger suppression predicts pain, emotional, and cardiovascular responses to the cold pressor.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. pquarta1@son.jhmi.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Manipulated anger suppression has been shown to heighten pain and anger responses to pain.

PURPOSE:

We examined whether individual differences in self-reported anger suppression predicted pain, anger, and blood pressure responses to acute pain.

METHODS:

Healthy participants (N = 47) underwent an anger-provoking speech task followed by a cold pressor pain task. Participants reported their degree of suppression of thoughts and feelings related to the speech. Pain intensity ratings were obtained throughout the cold pressor. Self-reported anger, anxiety and positive emotion, as well as ratings of sensory, general distress, and anger-specific elements of pain were obtained following the cold pressor. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were recorded throughout.

RESULTS:

Self-reported suppression predicted greater pain intensity ratings, perception of sensory and anger-specific elements of pain, and self-reported anger in response to the cold pressor. Associations between self-reported suppression and pain intensity and ratings of anger-specific elements of pain were statistically mediated by pain-induced changes in self-reported anger, whereas the effect of suppression on sensory pain ratings was not. Self-reported suppression was also correlated inversely with SBP responses to the cold pressor.

CONCLUSIONS:

Consistent with an ironic process model and prior studies involving experimental manipulation of suppression, self-reported suppression of anger predicted greater pain intensity and perception of the anger-specific element of pain. Findings also suggest that suppression might attenuate homeostatic pressor responses to acute pain.

PMID:
20358318
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-010-9182-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center