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Eur Addict Res. 2010;16(3):115-23. doi: 10.1159/000303379. Epub 2010 Apr 1.

The influence of drinking pattern, at individual and aggregate levels, on alcohol-related negative consequences.

Author information

1
Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland. mastudillo@sfa-ispa.ch

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the extent drinking patterns (at the individual and country level) are associated with alcohol-related consequences over and above the total alcohol the person consumes.

METHODS:

Hierarchical linear models were estimated based on general population surveys conducted in 18 countries participating in the GENACIS project.

RESULTS:

In general, the positive association between drinking pattern scores and alcohol-related consequences was found at both the individual and country levels, independent of volume of drinking. In addition, a significant interaction effect indicated that the more detrimental the country's drinking pattern, the less steep the association between the volume of drinking and its consequences.

CONCLUSION:

Drinking patterns have an independent impact on consequences over and above the relationship between volume and consequences.

PMID:
20357455
PMCID:
PMC2895741
DOI:
10.1159/000303379
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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