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Am J Physiol. 1991 May;260(5 Pt 1):C1046-51.

TGF-beta stimulates insulin secretion and blocks mitogenic response of pancreatic beta-cells to glucose.

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1
Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Abstract

The long-term influence of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) on replication and insulin secretion by insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells was investigated. For this purpose, fetal rat pancreatic islets containing a high proportion of beta-cells were isolated and maintained in tissue culture for 3 days at different concentrations of TGF-beta. TGF-beta (5-500 pM) at a glucose concentration of 11.1 mM did not affect the replication of the beta-cells or their insulin content but enhanced secretion of insulin from these cells. TGF-beta (500 pM) counter-acted the mitogenic action of 16.7 mM glucose but failed to affect the glucose-induced increase in islet insulin content or secretion. Growth hormone (GH) also stimulated beta-cell DNA synthesis and insulin secretion, but TGF-beta was unable to prevent these effects. It was found, moreover, that TGF-beta did not prevent the increase in islet polyamine content which occurred in response to glucose or GH, indicating that the effects of TGF-beta are not mediated through this pathway. Addition of neutralizing antibodies to TGF-beta did not affect the mitogenic or secretory responses to glucose or GH, suggesting that TGF-beta does not exert any autocrine or paracrine function in islets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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