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Langmuir. 2010 May 4;26(9):6681-8. doi: 10.1021/la9040166.

Synthesis and characteristics of graphene oxide-derived carbon nanosheet-Pd nanosized particle composites.

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Energy Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology 16-1 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-5869, Japan.


Carbon nanosheet (CNS)-Pd nanosized particle (NP) composites were synthesized by using graphite oxide (GO) and bis(ethylenediamine)palladium(II) (Pd(en)(2)(2+)) as the precursors, and their structure and adsorption properties were examined. It was found that the Pd(en)(2)(2+) complex ions can be intercalated into GO layers highly efficiently to form a layered structure containing a large amount of Pd (approximately 12 wt %). By the subsequent chemical reduction, Pd NPs (2-6 nm in size) are well dispersed between CNS to form a CNS-Pd NP composite and serve as spacers to increase the porosity of the composite. Hydrogen adsorption results demonstrate that both Pd NPs and CNS play important roles in hydrogen adsorption, particularly at a lower temperature and for CNS with deficient sites, which bring about a H(2) adsorption greater than those on other Pd-loaded nanocarbon materials reported so far. The unique composite nanostructure having large contents of Pd NPs (20-25 wt %) stabilized by CNSs is hopeful to be applied to the fields of H(2)-related catalysis, sensing, and so forth.

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