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Dalton Trans. 2010 Apr 21;39(15):3714-24. doi: 10.1039/b919665j. Epub 2010 Mar 5.

Coordination chemistry of platinum and palladium in the solid-state: synthesis of imidazole and pyrazole complexes.

Author information

1
School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TS. chcja@bris.ac.uk

Abstract

Solid-state reactions of palladium(II) and platinum(II) chloride complexes with imidazole (Him) and pyrazole (Hpz) or their hydrochloride salts are shown to produce metal complex salts and coordination compounds. Thus, K(2)[MCl(4)] or MCl(2) can be ground with imidazolium chloride ([H(2)im]Cl) to produce the salts [H(2)im](2)[MCl(4)] (M = Pd, 1; Pt, 5), which can then be dehydrochlorinated in the solid state to produce the coordination compounds trans-[PdCl(2)(Him)(2)] 3 or cis-[PtCl(2)(Him)(2)] 6. The complex cis-[PdCl(2)(Him)(2)] 2 is produced when Pd(OAc)(2) is ground with [H(2)im]Cl. Reaction of platinum chloride reagents with imidazole (Him) also produces cis-[PtCl(2)(Him)(2)] 6, but reaction of imidazole with analogous palladium chloride reagents first produces [Pd(Him)(4)]Cl(2) 4 which then slowly converts to trans-[PdCl(2)(Him)(2)] 3. Grinding pyrazolium chloride with K(2)[MCl(4)] produces [H(2)pz](2)[MCl(4)] (M = Pd, 7; Pt, 10), which may also be dehydrochlorinated in the solid state to produce the coordination compounds trans-[PdCl(2)(Hpz)(2)] 8 or cis-[PtCl(2)(Hpz)(2)] 11. Grinding K(2)[PdCl(4)] or PdCl(2) with pyrazole gives [Pd(Hpz)(4)]Cl(2) 9, which is then slowly converted into trans-[PdCl(2)(Hpz)(2)] 8. Grinding PtCl(2) with Hpz generates [Pt(Hpz)(4)]Cl(2) 12, but using K(2)PtCl(4) as the metal source does not generate the same product. The single-crystal structures of 8, a new polymorph of 11 and [H(2)pz](2)[PtCl(6)].2H(2)O (isolated as a decomposition product) are reported for the first time, and the structures of 5 and 10 have been solved ab ibitio from XRPD data.

PMID:
20354624
DOI:
10.1039/b919665j

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