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Biosens Bioelectron. 2010 Jun 15;25(10):2379-83. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2010.03.009. Epub 2010 Mar 11.

Nanogold-enwrapped graphene nanocomposites as trace labels for sensitivity enhancement of electrochemical immunosensors in clinical immunoassays: Carcinoembryonic antigen as a model.

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Department of Cancer Center, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042, PR China.


A new, highly sensitive electrochemical immunosensor with a sandwich-type immunoassay format was designed to quantify carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), as a model tumor marker, using nanogold-enwrapped graphene nanocomposites (NGGNs) as trace labels in clinical immunoassays. The device consisted of a glassy carbon electrode coated with Prussian Blue (PB) on whose surface gold nanoparticles were electrochemically deposited to the further modified with the specific analyte-capturing molecule, anti-CEA antibodies. The immunoassay was performed using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated anti-CEA as secondary antibodies attached on the NGGN surface (HRP-anti-CEA-NGGN). The method using HRP-anti-CEA-NGGNs as detection antibodies shows high signal amplification, and exhibits a dynamic working range of 0.05-350 ng/mL with a low detection limit of 0.01 ng/mL CEA (at 3s). The assayed results of serum samples with the sensor received an acceptable agreement with the reference values. Importantly, the methodology provides a promising ultrasensitive assay strategy for clinical applications.

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