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AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 14;2009:260-4.

ICU acuity: real-time models versus daily models.

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1
CSAIL, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the feasibility of real-time mortality risk assessment for ICU patients.

DESIGN/METHODS:

This study used retrospective analysis of mixed medical/surgical intensive care patients in a university hospital. Logistic regression was applied to 7048 development patients with several hundred candidate variables. Final models were selected by backward elimination on top cross-validated variables and validated on 3018 separate patients.

RESULTS:

The real-time model demonstrated strong discrimination ability (Day 3 AUC=0.878). All models had circumstances where calibration was poor (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test p < 0.1). The final models included variables known to be associated with mortality, but also more computationally intensive variables absent in other severity scores.

CONCLUSION:

Real-time mortality prediction offers similar discrimination ability to daily models. Moreover, the discrimination of our real-time model performed favorably to a customized SAPS II (Day 3 AUC=0.878 vs AUC=0.849, p < 0.05) but generally had worse calibration.

PMID:
20351861
PMCID:
PMC2815497
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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