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Diabetes Care. 2010 Apr;33(4):728-9. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1822.

Review of adverse events associated with false glucose readings measured by GDH-PQQ-based glucose test strips in the presence of interfering sugars.

Author information

1
Departments of Clinical, Medical, and Regulatory Affairs, LifeScan, Milpitas, California, USA. jellison@its.jnj.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the implications of falsely elevated glucose readings measured with glucose dehydrogenase pyrroloquinolinequinone (GDH-PQQ) test strips.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We conducted a review of the Food and Drug Administration's Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience database and medical literature for adverse events (AEs) associated with falsely elevated glucose readings with GDH-PQQ test strips in the presence of interfering sugars.

RESULTS:

Eighty-two reports were identified: 16 (20%) were associated with death, 46 (56%) with severe hypoglycemia, and 12 (15%) with nonsevere hypoglycemia. In eight reports (10%), the AE was not described. Forty-two events (51%) occurred in the U.S. Although most events occurred in hospitalized patients, at least 14 (17%) occurred in outpatients. Agents most commonly associated with AEs were icodextrin-containing peritoneal dialysate and maltose-containing intravenous immune globulin.

CONCLUSIONS:

GDH-PQQ test strips pose a safety risk to insulin-using patients treated with agents containing or metabolized to interfering sugars.

PMID:
20351227
PMCID:
PMC2845013
DOI:
10.2337/dc09-1822
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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