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Nat Nanotechnol. 2010 May;5(5):326-9. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2010.53. Epub 2010 Mar 28.

An extended defect in graphene as a metallic wire.

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Department of Physics, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA.


Many proposed applications of graphene require the ability to tune its electronic structure at the nanoscale. Although charge transfer and field-effect doping can be applied to manipulate charge carrier concentrations, using them to achieve nanoscale control remains a challenge. An alternative approach is 'self-doping', in which extended defects are introduced into the graphene lattice. The controlled engineering of these defects represents a viable approach to creation and nanoscale control of one-dimensional charge distributions with widths of several atoms. However, the only experimentally realized extended defects so far have been the edges of graphene nanoribbons, which show dangling bonds that make them chemically unstable. Here, we report the realization of a one-dimensional topological defect in graphene, containing octagonal and pentagonal sp(2)-hybridized carbon rings embedded in a perfect graphene sheet. By doping the surrounding graphene lattice, the defect acts as a quasi-one-dimensional metallic wire. Such wires may form building blocks for atomic-scale, all-carbon electronics.

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