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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2010 Jun;42(6):1052-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2010.03.017. Epub 2010 Mar 27.

Activation of STAT3 by specific Galpha subunits and multiple Gbetagamma dimers.

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Department of Biochemistry, The Molecular Neuroscience Center, and The Biotechnology Research Institute, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.


The hematopoietic-specific G(q) subfamily members, Galpha(16) and Galpha(14) proteins have recently been shown to be capable of stimulating the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) as well as STAT1. In the present study we examined whether this activation was STAT-member specific as well as determining the possible involvement of Gbetagamma dimers. Despite clear stimulation of STAT3, the constitutively active mutants of Galpha(16) (Galpha(16)QL) and Galpha(14) (Galpha(14)QL) failed to induce the phosphorylation of several STAT family members, including STAT2, STAT4 and STAT5 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. On the other hand, transient expression of specific combinations of Gbetagamma complexes induced STAT3 phosphorylation. Among the 48 combinations tested, 13 permutations of Gbetagamma stimulated STAT3 phosphorylation and all of them contain the neuronal-specific Ggamma(2), Ggamma(4), Ggamma(7) and Ggamma(9). These results suggested that the activation of STAT family members by Galpha(16) or Galpha(14) was selective and that distinct combinations of Gbetagamma complexes can also regulate the STAT signaling pathway.

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