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J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 May 27;129(2):280-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2010.03.015. Epub 2010 Mar 27.

Erythropoietic activity of Asteracantha longifolia (Nees.) in rats.

Author information

1
VNS Institute of Pharmacy, Vidhya Vihar, Neelbud, Bhopal, MP, India.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Asteracantha longifolia Nees. (Family-Acanthaceae) is a wild herb commonly used in traditional ayurvedic medicine as Kokilaaksha and the Unani drug as Talimakhana in India and Srilanka for various medicinal uses as aphrodisiac, tonic, sedative and blood diseases etc.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

The aim of the current study was to validate and explore the folk use of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. (AL) (Leaf part) on pharmacological grounds using haloperidol induced iron deficiency anemia for the assessment of erythropoietic activity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Determination of iron in plant extracts was carried out using spectrophotometric method. Plant extract was obtained from crude drugs using extraction with ethanol. In vivo study, haloperidol induced iron deficiency anemia model was used in experimental studies.

RESULTS:

An administration of ethanolic extract of AL at the doses of 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg body weight, i.p., demonstrated a significant (P<0.05) increase in erythrocyte count, haemoglobin count, serum iron and serum protein etc. This effect may be due to the presence of iron (622 microg/50 mg) in extract estimated by spectrophotometric method.

CONCLUSION:

An ethanolic extract of AL effectively restored the hematological parameters, serum iron and serum protein and normalized the microcytic (smaller in size), anisocytosis (disturbed shape) and hypochromic RBCs. These observations could justify the inclusion of this plant in the management of iron deficiency anemia due the presence of iron and other constituents as flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, lupeol and betulin.

PMID:
20347947
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2010.03.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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