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Clin Dermatol. 2010 Mar 4;28(2):217-25. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2009.12.008.

Superficial mycoses in immunodepressed patients (AIDS).

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Sector of Dermatology and Postgraduate Course in Dermatology, University Hospital and School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Dona Mariana 149 / C-32, Rio de Janeiro 22280-020, Brazil.


HIV infection has the capacity to distort the epidemiology and clinical course of infectious diseases, producing atypical manifestations and changing diagnoses. Superficial fungal infections are frequent in HIV-positive/AIDS patients and are no exception. These infections are frequently different in immunodepressed patients (AIDS), with a modified course or exacerbations. This chapter discusses the diagnosis and treatment of superficial mycoses in HIV patients, including cutaneous alterations caused by Candida, dematiaceous fungi agents of phaeohyphomycosis, Malassezia spp, dermatophyte, and filamentous nondermatophyte fungi.

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