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Resuscitation. 2010 Jun;81(6):755-60. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.01.031. Epub 2010 Mar 26.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) attenuates post-resuscitation myocardial microcirculatory dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA. bdokken@deptofmed.arizona.edu

Abstract

AIM OF THE STUDY:

Post-resuscitation syndrome leads to death in approximately 2 out of every 3 successfully resuscitated victims, and myocardial microcirculatory dysfunction is a major component of this syndrome. The aim of this study was to determine if glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) improves post-resuscitation myocardial microcirculatory function.

METHODS:

Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced electrically in 20 anesthetized domestic swine (30-35 kg). Following 8 min of untreated VF, animals were resuscitated with aggressive advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). Animals were blindly randomized to receive a continuous infusion of either GLP-1 (10 pM/kg/min) or equal volume saline as placebo (PBO) for 4h, beginning 1 min after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Left ventricular (LV) haemodynamics, LV ejection fraction, cardiac output, and coronary flow reserve (CFR) [using a standard technique of intracoronary Doppler flow measurements before and after intracoronary administration of 60 microg adenosine] were performed pre-arrest and at 1 and 4h post-resuscitation. In the present study, CFR is a measure of myocardial microcirculatory function since these swine had no obstructive coronary artery disease. Twenty-four hour post-resuscitation survival and neurological functional scores were also determined.

RESULTS:

CFR was significantly increased in GLP-1-treated animals, 1h (1.79+/-0.13 in control animals vs. 2.05+/-0.12 in GLP-1-treated animals, P = <0.05) and 4h (1.82+/-0.16 in control animals vs. 2.31+/-0.13 in GLP-1-treated animals, P = <0.05) after ROSC. In addition, compared to PBO-treated animals, GLP-1 increased cardiac output 1h after ROSC (2.1+/-0.1 in control animals vs. 2.7+/-0.2 in GLP-1-treated animals, P = <0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in survival between GLP-1-treated (100%) and PBO-treated animals (78%).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this swine model of prolonged VF followed by successful resuscitation, myocardial microcirculatory function was enhanced with administration of GLP-1. However, GLP-1 treatment was not associated with a clinically significant improvement in post-resuscitation myocardial function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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