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Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2010 Sep;71(4):297-302. doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2010.02.002. Epub 2010 Mar 26.

Additive effect of diets and training on total insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in rats.

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1
Laboratoire de physiologie animale, département de biologie, faculté des sciences de Tunis, campus universitaire, 1060 Tunis, Tunisia. naziha elj@yahoo.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Although it is known that circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are influenced by both physical exercise and dietary intake separately, there is little information regarding the additive effect of diets and training on IGF-1 regulation. To test this, we examined the combined effect of 30 days of two different diets (high-protein and high-carbohydrate) and exercise training on total IGF-1.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study was carried out with four groups of rats; the sedentary group with standard diet (SS) (control group), standard diet with exercise (SE), high-protein diet with exercise (PE) and high-carbohydrate diet with exercise (CE). Serum IGF-1, insulin, corticosterone were analyzed.

RESULTS:

IGF-1 concentrations were decreased by exercise training (p<0.001) and only with protein diet (p<0.05). Physical training, with and without diet, decreased body weight and food intake (p<0.01) and increased corticosterone levels (p<0.05). Carbohydrate diet did not cause major hormonal and metabolic alterations.

CONCLUSION:

The main result of this study was the decreased levels of IGF-1 in spite of high-protein diet, which is known to enhance IGF-1 secretion, and the little changes with carbohydrate diet. This may be related to the negative energy balance as a result of the catabolic state induced by exercise training and decreased calorie intake in protein diet. Thus, it can be concluded that the caloric restriction, regardless of dietary composition, decreased IGF-1 secretion.

PMID:
20347065
DOI:
10.1016/j.ando.2010.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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