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J Proteomics. 2010 Jun 16;73(8):1535-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2010.03.009. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

Genomic and proteomic evaluation of antibiotic resistance in Salmonella strains.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, University of TrĂ¡s-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.

Abstract

Using Salmonella strains identical to those present in the gastrointestinal tract of different animals we aim to determine and compare the proteome of two serotypes, Salmonella Typhimurium and Enteritidis recovered from faecal samples of wild boars and wild rabbits, respectively. The presence of genes responsible for antibiotic resistance was detected by PCR. Proteomes of the two distinct serotypes were determined using 2-DE in order to identify proteins associated with antibiotic resistance or virulence. Through 2-DE we obtained a total of 229 spots from both strains. All were suitable for MALDI-TOF/TOF and, in correlation with bioinformatic databases, allowed accurate identification and characterization of proteins. S. Enteritidis recovered from wild rabbits was sensitive to all the antibiotics tested in contrast to S. Typhimurium isolated from wild boars which presented a resistance phenotype to ampicillin, streptomycin and chloramphenicol. Nevertheless, despite the different ratio of proteins observed in each proteome according to their biological function, no significant difference was observed in the involvement of these proteins in pathogenicity. Bearing in mind that serotypes are related to infectious processes in humans and animals, it is important to explore the proteome of new strains which might serve as protein biomarkers for biological activity.

PMID:
20346428
DOI:
10.1016/j.jprot.2010.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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