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Mol Gen Genet. 1991 Apr;226(1-2):310-4.

The pentafunctional FAS1 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica are co-linear and considerably longer than previously estimated.

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Lehrstuhl für Biochemie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, FRG.


The fatty acid synthetase (FAS) gene FAS1 of the alkane-utilizing yeast Yarrowia lipolytica was cloned and sequenced. The gene is represented by an intron-free reading frame of 6228 bp encoding a protein of 2076 amino acids and 229,980 Da molecular weight. This protein exhibits a 58% sequence similarity to the corresponding Saccharomyces cerevisiae FAS beta-subunit. The sequential order of the five FAS1-encoded enzyme The sequential order of the five FAS1-encoded enzyme domains, acetyl transferase, enoyl reductase, dehydratase and malonyl/palmityl-transferase, is co-linear in both organisms. This finding agrees with available evidence that the functional organization of FAS genes is similar in related organisms but differs considerably between unrelated species. In addition, previously reported conflicting data concerning the 3' end of S. cerevisiae FAS1 were re-examined by genomic and cDNA sequencing of the relevant portion of the gene. Thereby, the translational stop codon was shown to lie considerably downstream of both published termination sites. The S. cerevisiae FAS1 gene thus has a corrected length of 6153 bp and encodes a protein of 2051 amino acids and 228,667 Da molecular weight.

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