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Life Sci. 1991;48(22):2119-27.

Intracellular chloride in submucosal gland cells.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216-4505.


The chloride ion concentration within isolated tracheal submucosal gland cells was studied micro-spectrofluorometrically using a fluorescent dye, 6-methoxy-N-(3-sulfopropyl) quinolinium (SPQ), that is quenched by Cl-. Cells from normal weanling swine and from a cystic fibrosis (CF) patient were used. Ion substitution experiments showed that cell fluorescence increased in both cell types when bath Cl- was replaced with the impermeant anion glucuronate. Following a Donnan-type ion substitution that kept the product of the bath K+ and Cl- concentrations constant, reducing bath chloride had little effect on fluorescence for normal cells, but caused a marked increase for CF cells. Thus, K+ and Cl- ions have approximately the same Nernst potential in control submucosal gland cells; in contrast, cells from a CF patient concentrated Cli, resulting in a Cl- Nernst potential that was more positive than the K+ Nernst potential. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that CF submucosal gland cells have a decreased Cl- permeability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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