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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2010 May;381(5):477-82. doi: 10.1007/s00210-010-0506-9. Epub 2010 Mar 26.

Lack of positive allosteric modulation of mutated alpha(1)S267I glycine receptors by cannabinoids.

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1
Clinic for Anaesthesia and Critical Care Medicine; OE 8050, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30623 Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

Loss of inhibitory synaptic transmission within the dorsal horn of the spinal cord plays a key role in the development of chronic pain following inflammation or nerve injury. Inhibitory postsynaptic transmission in the adult spinal cord involves mainly glycine. Ajulemic acid and HU210 are non-psychotropic, synthetic cannabinoids. Cannabidiol is a non-psychotropic plant constituent of cannabis sativa. There are hints that non-cannabinoid receptor mechanisms of these cannabinoids might be mediated via glycine receptors. In this study, we investigated the impact of the amino acid residue serine at position 267 on the glycine-modulatory effects of ajulemic acid, cannabidiol and HU210. Mutated alpha(1)S267I glycine receptors transiently expressed in HEK293 cells were studied by utilising the whole-cell clamp technique. The mutation of the alpha(1) subunit TM2 serine residue to isoleucine abolished the co-activation and the direct activation of the glycine receptor by the investigated cannabinoids. The nature of the TM2 (267) residue of the glycine alpha(1) subunit is crucial for the glycine-modulatory effect of ajulemic acid, cannabidiol and HU210. An investigation of the impact of such mutations on the in vivo interaction of cannabinoids with glycine receptors should permit a better understanding of the molecular determinants of action of cannabinoids.

PMID:
20339834
DOI:
10.1007/s00210-010-0506-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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