Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2010 Apr-Jun;16(2):79-83. doi: 10.4103/1319-3767.61232.

Serum paraoxonase 1 activity status in patients with liver disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM:

Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an esterase, exclusively synthesized by liver. The present study has two objectives: to determine the PON1 activity status in various disorders associated with hepatocellular damage and to correlate the changes of PON1 activity with the standard liver function and fasting lipid profile tests in these disorders.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The study groups consisted of 95 patients with liver diseases including acute viral hepatitis (14), cirrhosis with portal hypertension (33), leptospirosis (14), sepsis and multi organ failure (15), left ventricular failure (9), and falciparum malaria (10); and 53 healthy controls. Serum PON1 activity was measured manually using spectrophotometer. Liver function test parameters and fasting lipid profile were performed in clinical chemistry auto analyzer (Hitachi 912).

RESULTS:

The serum PON1 activity in patients with acute viral hepatitis and sepsis decreased significantly ( P < 0.001) and moderately in falciparum malaria ( P < 0.05). However, in patients with cirrhosis, leptospirosis and left ventricular patients, its activity did not change significantly. On applying Pearson correlation, serum PON1 activity correlated positively with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) in patients with sepsis (r=0.633, P < 0.05), left ventricular failure patients (r=0.814, P < 0.05) and negatively with acute viral hepatitis patients (r=-0.528, P <0.05).

CONCLUSION:

PON1 activity has decreased significantly in acute viral hepatitis, sepsis with multi organ failure and falciparum malaria patients. Determination of PON1 activity may serve as a useful additional test in assessing these conditions.

PMID:
20339175
PMCID:
PMC3016510
DOI:
10.4103/1319-3767.61232
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center