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Int J Urol. 2010 May;17(5):483-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2010.02503.x. Epub 2010 Mar 11.

Intravesical Toll-like receptor 7 agonist R-837: optimization of its formulation in an orthotopic mouse model of bladder cancer.

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Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0820, USA.



To study the immune response caused by the intravesical administration of the immunomodulator R-837 in various formulations and to estimate its therapeutic potential for bladder cancer.


Female C57BL/6 mice were intravesically treated with different formulations of R-837, a Toll-like receptor 7 agonist used for treating genital warts and skin malignancy. The tested formulation mixtures contained different ratios of lactic acid, a thermosensitive poloxamer polymer (Lutrol F127) and 2-(hydroxypropyl)-beta-cyclodextrin (HPbetaCD). Induction of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC) was analyzed by Luminex microbeads assay. The therapeutic potential of intravesical administration of R-837 was assessed in an orthotopic, syngeneic mouse model of bladder cancer using MB49 cells.


Intravesical administration of R-837 in lactic acid alone induced systemic and bladder TNFalpha and KC in a dose-dependent manner. Formulations including poloxamer decreased systemic absorption of R-837 and significantly reduced systemic and local induction of KC. Addition of HPbetaCD in the poloxamer formulation particularly reversed levels of systemic and local levels of TNFalpha and KC. Histological examination showed that poloxamer-HPbetaCD formulation allowed infiltration of mononuclear cells into urothelium and lamina propria. In studies using orthotopic mouse bladder cancer, the tumor loads in R-837-treated mice were significantly lower than those in vehicle-treated or non-treated mice.


The optimized poloxamer-HPbetaCD formulation of R-837 shows therapeutic potential for bladder cancer while avoiding adverse side-effects.

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