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Clin Exp Dermatol. 2010 Jun;35(4):437-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2230.2010.03779.x. Epub 2010 Mar 10.

Percutaneous collagen induction. Scarless skin rejuvenation: fact or fiction?

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Department of Plastic, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany.


Photoageing is generally treated by ablative procedures that injure the epidermis and basement membrane, and lead to fibrosis of the dermis. Percutaneous collagen induction (PCI) therapy is an alternative treatment for photoaged skin that does not result in clinical signs of dermal fibrosis. In this study, the immediate effects of PCI on the skin were assessed, including the systemic inflammatory response and the production and gene expression of transforming growth factor (TGF) isoforms beta1, beta2 and beta3. Eighty rats were split into four groups: group 1 (n = 24; PCI plus skin care); group 2 (n = 24; skin care only); group 3 (n = 24; PCI only) and group 4 (n = 8; controls). Microarray analysis showed that TGF-beta3, an essential marker for preventing scarring, was upregulated and expressed for 2 weeks postoperatively. PCI might offer a regenerative therapy to improve skin appearance and quality and to improve or even prevent scarring.

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