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Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Mar;71(2):134-6. doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.54278.

Antibacterial activity of essential oils from palmarosa, evening primrose, lavender and tuberose.

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Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot-360 005, India.


Essential oils extracted from flower petals of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martini), evening primrose (Primula rosea), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and tuberose (Polianthus tuberosa) were tested for their antibacterial activities against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Different concentrations of each essential oil ranging from 10-100% were tested. Both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria were found susceptible to the studied flower essential oils. With increase in concentration of essential oil, increase in zone of inhibition was observed thus dose-dependent response was clear for each essential oil. Essential oil extracted from Cymbopogon martini showed the highest activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria among the tested essential oils.


Antibacterial activity; essential oil; evening primrose; gram-negative bacteria; gram-positive bacteria; lavender; palmarosa; tuberose

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