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Nature. 2010 Apr 8;464(7290):858-63. doi: 10.1038/nature08882. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

Zscan4 regulates telomere elongation and genomic stability in ES cells.

Author information

1
Developmental Genomics and Aging Section, Laboratory of Genetics, NIH, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA

Abstract

Exceptional genomic stability is one of the hallmarks of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. However, the genes contributing to this stability remain obscure. We previously identified Zscan4 as a specific marker for two-cell embryo and ES cells. Here we show that Zscan4 is involved in telomere maintenance and long-term genomic stability in ES cells. Only 5% of ES cells express Zscan4 at a given time, but nearly all ES cells activate Zscan4 at least once during nine passages. The transient Zscan4-positive state is associated with rapid telomere extension by telomere recombination and upregulation of meiosis-specific homologous recombination genes, which encode proteins that are colocalized with ZSCAN4 on telomeres. Furthermore, Zscan4 knockdown shortens telomeres, increases karyotype abnormalities and spontaneous sister chromatid exchange, and slows down cell proliferation until reaching crisis by passage eight. Together, our data show a unique mode of genome maintenance in ES cells.

PMID:
20336070
PMCID:
PMC2851843
DOI:
10.1038/nature08882
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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