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Bioinformatics. 2010 May 1;26(9):1225-31. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btq113. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

PathWave: discovering patterns of differentially regulated enzymes in metabolic pathways.

Author information

1
Department of Bioinformatics and Functional Genomics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

Gene expression profiling by microarrays or transcript sequencing enables observing the pathogenic function of tumors on a mesoscopic level.

RESULTS:

We investigated neuroblastoma tumors that clinically exhibit a very heterogeneous course ranging from rapid growth with fatal outcome to spontaneous regression and detected regulatory oncogenetic shifts in their metabolic networks. In contrast to common enrichment tests, we took network topology into account by applying adjusted wavelet transforms on an elaborated and new 2D grid representation of curated pathway maps from the Kyoto Enzyclopedia of Genes and Genomes. The aggressive form of the tumors showed regulatory shifts for purine and pyrimidine biosynthesis as well as folate-mediated metabolism of the one-carbon pool in respect to increased nucleotide production. We spotted an oncogentic regulatory switch in glutamate metabolism for which we provided experimental validation, being the first steps towards new possible drug therapy. The pattern recognition method we used complements normal enrichment tests to detect such functionally related regulation patterns.

AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION:

PathWave is implemented in a package for R (www.r-project.org) version 2.6.0 or higher. It is freely available from http://www.ichip.de/software/pathwave.html.

PMID:
20335275
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/btq113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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