Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Anaesth. 2010 May;104(5):628-32. doi: 10.1093/bja/aeq055. Epub 2010 Mar 23.

Optimal bolus dose of alfentanil for successful tracheal intubation during sevoflurane induction with and without nitrous oxide in children.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The goals of this study were to determine the effective bolus dose of alfentanil required for successful tracheal intubation during inhalation induction using sevoflurane 5% without neuromuscular block in children, and whether nitrous oxide reduces these doses.

METHODS:

Fifty paediatric patients, aged 3-10 yr, were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Subjects received either sevoflurane 5% in oxygen 100% (O(2) group, n=25) or sevoflurane 5% in oxygen 40% and nitrous oxide 60% (N(2)O group, n=25) through a face mask. One minute after inhalation induction, a predetermined dose of alfentanil was injected over 15 s. The alfentanil dose was determined using Dixon's up-and-down method, starting from alfentanil 14 microg kg(-1). The trachea was intubated 3 min after inducing anaesthesia.

RESULTS:

The ED(50) [95% confidence interval (CI)] of alfentanil for successful tracheal intubation was 11.5 (9.9-13.1) and 8.6 (7.4-9.8) microg kg(-1) in the O(2) and N(2)O groups, respectively. The ED(50) of the N(2)O group was significantly lower than that of the O(2) group (P=0.0146)(.) From isotonic regression, 50% effective dose (ED(50)) (95% CI) of alfentanil in the O(2) and N(2)O groups was 11.4 (9.9-13.0) and 6.5 (5.0-8.1) microg kg(-1), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The effective bolus dose of alfentanil for successful tracheal intubation was 11.5 microg kg(-1) in 50% of children during inhalation induction using sevoflurane 5% without neuromuscular blocking agent. Addition of nitrous oxide 60% in oxygen reduced the effective alfentanil dose by 25%.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk