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J Helminthol. 2010 Dec;84(4):441-6. doi: 10.1017/S0022149X10000167. Epub 2010 Mar 25.

Pig-farming systems and porcine cysticercosis in the north of Cameroon.

Author information

1
Department of Animal Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, Antwerp, Belgium.

Abstract

A survey was conducted in 150 households owning 1756 pigs in the rural areas of Mayo-Danay division in the north of Cameroon. A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information on the pig-farming system and to identify potential risk factors for Taenia solium cysticercosis infection in pigs. Blood samples were collected from 398 pigs with the aim of estimating the seroprevalence of T. solium cysticercosis. The results showed that 90.7% of the pigs are free roaming during the dry season and that 42.7% of households keeping pigs in the rural areas have no latrine facility. Seventy-six per cent of the interviewed pig owners confirmed that members of the household used open-field defecation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antigen and antibody detection showed an apparent prevalence of cysticercosis of 24.6% and 32.2%, respectively. A Bayesian approach, using the conditional dependence between the two diagnostic tests, indicated that the true seroprevalence of cysticercosis in Mayo-Danay was 26.6%. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that a lack of knowledge of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and the absence of a pig pen in the household were associated with pig cysticercosis.

PMID:
20334716
PMCID:
PMC2965494
DOI:
10.1017/S0022149X10000167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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