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Arch Dermatol Res. 2010 Sep;302(7):517-23. doi: 10.1007/s00403-010-1048-1. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

Expression of Th1 and Th2 cytokine-associated transcription factors, T-bet and GATA-3, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and skin lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Psoriasis is considered as a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease, and the Th1 response has been established as the major immune agent in its pathomechanisms. The relative expression of Th1 and Th2 transcription factors, T-bet and GATA-3, resulting in a swing in the Th1/Th2 pendulum, has been implicated in a number of immunological diseases. However, their expression and correlation with psoriasis has not yet been studied. Our aim was to evaluate the expression of T-bet and GATA-3 in psoriatic patients and determine their correlation with serum levels of IFN-gamma and IL-4. Sera, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and skin lesions were taken from 23 patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Serum levels of IFN-gamma and IL-4 were measured by ELISA. T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA expression in PBMCs was analyzed by RT-PCR. Lesional expression and distribution of CD4, CD8, T-bet and GATA-3 were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Blood and skin samples of healthy individuals served as controls. A markedly higher IFN-gamma and lower IL-4 concentration in the serum of psoriatic patients was found. A significantly higher expression of T-bet mRNA and a lower expression of GATA-3 mRNA in PBMCs, and consequently, a much higher T-bet/GATA-3 ratio in patients than in controls were shown. T-bet mRNA expression was strongly correlated with serum IFN-gamma secretion in patients; furthermore, the correlation between T-bet/GATA-3 ratio and IFN-gamma/IL-4 ratio was revealed. We also observed a significant increase in CD4+ cells and T-bet positive cells in psoriatic lesions. These results suggested that T-bet and GATA-3 might be regulator genes for psoriasis via the Th1/Th2 balance, and the Th1-specific transcription factor, T-bet, may play an important role in the development and maintenance of psoriasis.

PMID:
20333526
DOI:
10.1007/s00403-010-1048-1
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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