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Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2011 Jun;55(4):646-61. doi: 10.1177/0306624X10364485. Epub 2010 Mar 23.

Meditation research: the state of the art in correctional settings.

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Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, California.


There is research that serves as evidence in favor of meditation-based programs as rehabilitative for incarcerated populations. This article reviews empirical research regarding the effects of meditation-based programs in correctional populations. Three meditation-based interventions have been shown to represent the majority of empirical research and are reviewed in this article: Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and 10-day Vipassana retreats. Selected dissertation research is reviewed as well. Overall, research suggests three areas in which meditation-based programs provide sufficient treatment to criminal offenders: the enhancement of psychological well-being, a decrease in substance use, and a decrease in recidivism. This suggests that meditation-based programs may be proper treatment programs and support rehabilitation for correctional populations.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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