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J Biol Chem. 1991 May 25;266(15):9632-9.

The collagen binding specificity of bone and platelet osteonectin is related to differences in glycosylation.

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Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405.


In this study we report that bone and platelet osteonectin are structurally and functionally heterogeneous in terms of glycosylation and collagen binding capacity. The relative sensitivity of bone and platelet osteonectin to specific glycosidases was used to evaluate potential differences in glycosylation. Although native bone and platelet osteonectin are electrophoretically nonidentical, N-glycanase treatment yielded products with the same apparent molecular weight. Bone osteonectin was also susceptible to cleavage by endo H but not to neuraminidase, while platelet osteonectin was susceptible to neuraminidase but not to endo H. In lectin blotting experiments of bone and platelet osteonectin, concanavalin A bound specifically to bone osteonectin but not to platelet osteonectin. However, Lens culinaris agglutinin bound to platelet osteonectin but not to bone osteonectin. These data suggest that bone and platelet osteonectin differ in their oligosaccharide side chain structures, with bone osteonectin possessing a high mannose-type and platelet osteonectin, a complex-type structure. Solid-phase binding techniques were used to functionally evaluate bone and platelet osteonectin in terms of collagen binding. Although bone osteonectin bound specifically to types I, III, and V collagen, platelet osteonectin had no apparent affinity for these collagen types suggesting that the two proteins are also functionally distinct.

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