Send to

Choose Destination
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2010;13(1):26-34. doi: 10.1053/j.pcsu.2010.02.005.

The challenge of congenital heart disease worldwide: epidemiologic and demographic facts.

Author information

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Montreal Children's Hospital of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Congenital heart disease (CHD) afflicts a large number of children every year. The incidence of CHD is generally considered to be 8 per 1,000 live births. However, this estimate is perhaps inaccurate and does not take into consideration regional differences. A large review of the literature was performed to establish the true incidence of CHD and geographical variations. Data on the incidence of specific lesions and their geographical variation, as well as on mortality from CHD, was also reviewed. Taking into consideration the available data on incidence, mortality, and access to care, the global challenge that CHD represents was analyzed. Insight into how to confront this challenge is given.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center