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Annu Rev Immunol. 2010;28:275-94. doi: 10.1146/annurev-immunol-030409-101253.

On the composition of the preimmune repertoire of T cells specific for Peptide-major histocompatibility complex ligands.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Center for Immunology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, 55455, USA. jenki002@umn.edu

Abstract

Millions of T cells are produced in the thymus, each expressing a unique alpha/beta T cell receptor (TCR) capable of binding to a foreign peptide in the binding groove of a host major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule. T cell-mediated immunity to infection is due to the proliferation and differentiation of rare clones in the preimmune repertoire that by chance express TCRs specific for peptide-MHC (pMHC) ligands derived from the microorganism. Here we review recent findings that have altered our understanding of how the preimmune repertoire is established. Recent structural studies indicate that a germline-encoded tendency of TCRs to bind MHC molecules contributes to the MHC bias of T cell repertoires. It has also become clear that the preimmune repertoire contains functionally heterogeneous subsets including recent thymic emigrants, mature naive phenotype cells, memory phenotype cells, and natural regulatory T cells. In addition, sensitive new detection methods have revealed that the repertoire of naive phenotype T cells consists of distinct pMHC-specific populations that consistently vary in size in different individuals. The implications of these new findings for the clonal selection theory, self-tolerance, and immunodominance are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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