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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010 Jul;29(7):669-70. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181d76d61.

Nosocomial transmission of respiratory syncytial virus in neonatal intensive care and intermediate care units: a prospective epidemiologic study.

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Department of General Pediatrics, Medical University Vienna, Austria.


To test the hypothesis that a considerable number of preterm infants acquire respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) within the hospital during the postnatal stay, a prospective epidemiologic survey was performed. Nasopharyngeal swabs were taken twice weekly for a period of 8 weeks from preterm infants, medical/nursing staff, and parents during the peak of RSV season 2007/2008 and tested for RSV by polymerase chain reaction. Of 1002 samples, only 4 tested positive (2 from a patient, 2 from staff). Sequence analyses of the G protein demonstrated that nosocomial transmission did not occur between these individuals.

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